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Construct validity has been demonstrated for this assessment.
” Testing and diagnosis were considered as separate outcomes based on the low correlation among these experiences ( = 0.20) and 23% of those diagnosed with an STD reporting not being tested.Differences in rates of dating violence, STD/HIV testing, and STD/HIV diagnosis based on demographics were assessed by using χ analyses.Logistic-regression models were constructed to calculate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% CIs for STD/HIV testing and diagnosis outcomes based on experiences of physical or sexual dating violence, using respondents indicating no experiences of dating violence as a referent group; models were adjusted for demographics and sexual risk behaviors for STD/HIV (Table 2) to better estimate the contribution of experiences of dating violence to STD/HIV outcomes.The YRBS is a self-report, written instrument; in Massachusetts, a Spanish translation of the survey is available.Each state is charged with administering the core YRBS survey as designed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.More than one third (38.8%) of adolescent girls tested for STD or HIV and more than half (51.6%) of girls diagnosed with STD/HIV reported experiencing dating violence.
Compared with nonabused girls, girls who experienced both physical and sexual dating violence were 3.0 times more likely to have been tested for STD and HIV, and 2.6 times more likely to report an STD diagnosis.
Rates of dating violence among those reporting STD/HIV testing and STD/HIV diagnosis were also calculated.
SUDAANApproximately 1 in 3 (31.5%) sexually active adolescent girls reported ever experiencing physical or sexual violence from dating partners (Table 1; physical dating violence only: 15.3%; sexual dating violence only: 6.7%; both physical and sexual dating violence: 9.5%; data not shown).
Dating violence victimization was measured by a single survey item that asked: “Have you ever been hurt physically or sexually by a date or someone you were going out with?
This would include being hurt by being shoved, slapped, hit, or forced into any sexual activity.” Response choices were: “I have never been on a date or gone out with anyone” (2001 only); “No, I have never been hurt by a date or someone I was going out with”; “Yes, I was hurt physically”; “Yes, I was hurt sexually”; and “Yes, I was hurt both physically and sexually.” These responses were then recoded into exclusive dichotomous variables: physical dating violence only, sexual dating violence only, and both physical and sexual dating violence, with the referent group being those who indicated that they had never experienced dating violence or had never been on a date (2001 only).
Because of the nature of the present analyses, all variables were dichotomized with the exception of age, which was categorized as seen in Table 1.