Dating of the gospel of mark
Although Luke does not explicitly quote from Paul’s letters, his writings reflect the influence of Paul’s thoughts.The best estimate for the dating of Acts places the work between AD 62 and 64.
As the original autographs of the New Testament books have not been found, scholars must examine the early handwritten copies of these Scriptures.Although the date of Luke continues to be debated, it is generally agreed that Luke wrote his gospel before Acts and after Mark.Luke’s writings talk about Jesus’ ministry, and provide an account of the progress of the gospel after His death.Conservative scholars date the book of John at mid AD 60s-100, liberal scholars date the writing at AD 90-100. A confirmation of the date of Matthew’s writing comes from an external source: a report by Irenaeus, a second-century church father, who said that Matthew composed his gospel “while Peter and Paul were preaching the Gospel and founding the church in Rome.” Those who reject this timing do so because Matthew writes of Jesus predicting the destruction of the temple in Jerusalem (Matthew 24: 1, 2), which happened in AD 70.All scholars, however, typically place the date of Jesus’ death around the year AD 30, and Paul’s letters (the earliest New Testament books) in the decade of the 50s. These scholars argue that Matthew must have been written after the event, because they don’t believe in predictive prophesy.Though many scholars believe the book of Mark was the first gospel written, probably within 25 years of Jesus ascending to heaven, it is notoriously difficult to date.
Early church tradition defines Mark as an associate of Peter.
It makes sense, then, to date the book of Acts before the temple was destroyed.
~ Acts does not mention the severe persecutions of the Roman emperor Nero, which started in the mid-60s.
Mark would most likely have been written before Peter was martyred (AD 65), or shortly thereafter.
A bilingual Hellenist, John Mark — John was his Hebrew name and Mark his Greek name — was a cousin of the wealthy Cyprian landowner Barnabas (Colossians , Acts ), and would have been a very young man at the time of Christ’s crucifixion.
The incarnation, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ as a real event in time and space, i.e., as historical realities, are the indispensable foundations of the Christian faith.