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In 1759, the British defeated the French in the Battle of the Plains of Abraham at Québec City — marking the end of France’s empire in America.
In the 1700s France and Great Britain battled for control of North America.In 1604, the first European settlement north of Florida was established by French explorers Pierre de Monts and Samuel de Champlain, first on St.Croix Island (in present-day Maine), then at Port-Royal, in Acadia (present-day Nova Scotia).The Act also granted to the Canadas, for the first time, legislative assemblies elected by the people.The name Slavery has existed all over the world, from Asia, Africa and the Middle East to the Americas.The Beginnings of Democracy Democratic institutions developed gradually and peacefully.
The first representative assembly was elected in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1758.
(From Left to Right) Count Frontenac refused to surrender Quebec to the English in 1690, saying: “My only reply will be from the mouths of my cannons!
” Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur d’Iberville, was a great hero of New France, winning many victories over the English, from James Bay in the north to Nevis in the Caribbean, in the late 17 In 1670, King Charles II of England granted the Hudson’s Bay Company exclusive trading rights over the watershed draining into Hudson Bay.
When Europeans explored Canada they found all regions occupied by native peoples they called Indians, because the first explorers thought they had reached the East Indies.
The native people lived off the land, some by hunting and gathering, others by raising crops.
In 1608 Champlain built a fortress at what is now Québec City. Champlain allied the colony with the Algonquin, Montagnais, and Huron, historic enemies of the Iroquois, a confederation of five (later six) First Nations who battled with the French settlements for a century. The French and Aboriginal people collaborated in the vast fur-trade economy, driven by the demand for beaver pelts in Europe.